Published: 11:48, January 27, 2021 | Updated: 03:25, June 5, 2023
Ant IPO could resume once issues resolved, PBOC chief says
By Bloomberg

The Ant Group Co mascot is displayed at the company's headquarters in Hangzhou, Jiangsu province, on Sept 28, 2020. (PHOTO / BLOOMBERG)

Ant Group Co. could resume its plans for an initial public offering once problems are resolved, China’s central bank chief said, offering some relief to global investors seeking signs on what the future holds for the world’s largest fintech giant.

People’s Bank of China Governor Yi Gang said relevant agencies are still investigating issues related to monopolies at billionaire Jack Ma’s Ant Group, adding that the matters were “complicated” and some risks concerned consumer privacy. To resolve the problems, regulators need a clear legal framework, Yi said on a panel at the World Economic Forum on Tuesday.

“I would say that this is a process and also once the problem solved, it will go back to the track to continue consideration according to law,” Yi said in English. When asked whether that means an IPO, he added that if the company follows the legal structure, “you will have the result”.

The message from PBOC Governor Yi Gang is the latest sign that Ant has avoided a worst-case scenario, after Chinese regulators halted its US$35 million IPO in November and asked the firm to overhaul its business 

Chinese regulators are asking Ant to work on a timetable to overhaul its business after abruptly halting its US$35 billion IPO in November. 

ALSO READ: Ant IPO suspension sign of stronger fintech oversight

The message from Yi is the latest sign that Ant has avoided a worst-case scenario where it needs to shutter businesses completely. 

Shares of Alibaba rose as much as 3.9 percent on Wednesday morning in Hong Kong.

Last Friday, China’s banking regulator said recent measures that have hit Ant hard weren’t aimed at any specific company.

While regulators stopped short of directly asking for a breakup of the company in December, the central bank stressed that Ant needs to “understand the necessity of overhauling” and come up with a timetable as soon as possible.

Monopoly risks

PBOC Deputy Governor Pan Gongsheng said in an op-ed in the Financial Times on Wednesday that regulators are trying to strike a balance between encouraging fintech innovation and preventing financial risks.

“Network effects mean that fintech competition often leads to ‘winner-takes-all’ outcomes including market monopolies and unfair competition,” he wrote.

Uncertainty remains for several of Ant’s businesses, including consumer loans, crowdfunded health-care and payments. The central bank said last week that any non-bank payment company with half of the market in online transactions or two entities with a combined two-thirds share could be subject to antitrust probes, according to draft rules.

If a monopoly is confirmed, the central bank can suggest the cabinet impose restrictive measures including breaking up the entity by its business type. Firms already with payment licenses would have a one-year grace period to comply with the new rules.

READ MORE: China considers tougher rules for nonbank payments industry

China’s insurance and banking regulator said last week it would analyze the risks of internet companies’ crowdfunding healthcare operations and take necessary measures. Ant said the same day that the chief architect of its healthcare business, which is known as Xianghubao, resigned.

Meanwhile, Ant’s consumer loans business could need more capital to comply with draft rules that place more stringent requirements on its lending units.

Ant needs to inject at least 70 billion yuan (US$11 billion) of new capital just for its credit-lending business, Bloomberg Intelligence analyst Francis Chan estimated in December. That calculation is based on draft rules that require Ant to co-fund 30 percent of loans, with a maximum asset leverage of five times.