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Tuesday, May 12, 2020, 14:43
Afghan airlines at risk of collapse, taking women's jobs with them
By Reuters
Tuesday, May 12, 2020, 14:43 By Reuters

In this April 8, 2002 photo, an Ariana stewardess serves drinks to passenger on the Delhi to Kabul flight at New Delhi's Indira Gandhi Airport. (JOHN MACDOUGALL / AFP)

KABUL - Shagufa Haidari, 23, a flight attendant for Afghanistan’s Kam Air, used to fly six days a week around the country and abroad, to Istanbul, Islamabad and Delhi.

Afghan women choosing a career say they face hostility, be it from conservative relatives or Islamists, for pursuing a professional path and financial independence

Then the novel coronavirus hit. Now she barely flies, most of her colleagues have been furloughed and aviation officials warn that they may be out of jobs altogether as they contemplate the dire scenario of industry collapse.

Airlines are struggling globally, but the loss of Afghanistan’s aviation sector would have extra collateral damage, destroying one of the few bright spots for female employment at a time when the conservative society is also facing the possibility of a return of the Taliban to a role in government.

Haidari, who landed her dream job at the age of 20, says it is a life-changing opportunity for ambitious young women.

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“It is a job full of excitement and a world of adventure,” she said.

Things have improved for women in Afghanistan since the Taliban, who banned female education and women from leaving home without a male relative, were in driven from power in 2001, particularly in urban areas.

A new generation of women has emerged with university degrees and jobs in a range of fields including business and politics.

But still, the rate of woman’s employment is a fraction that of men, with only about a fifth of women in the labour market and an unemployment rate of 67 percent for women seeking work, according to 2018 Gallup data.

Afghan women choosing a career say they face hostility, be it from conservative relatives or Islamists, for pursuing a professional path and financial independence.

Many worry the situation will only get worse if the Taliban gain a political role in a power-sharing deal as the United States withdraws its troops under a pact with the militants.

The Taliban say they have changed and they would allow women to work outside the home, as long as they are separated from men. But many women are wary.

‘Education and talent’

Airlines have welcomed women in various roles. About 30 percent of the 580 employees at national carrier Ariana are female while Kam Air employs 106 women, 46 of them flight attendants, as well as pilots and managers.

In this Jan 5, 2002 photo, Afghan women gather at the Ariana Afghan Airlines office to apply for the position of flight attendants in Kabul. Ariana Afghan Airlines, the sole national airline, opened its doors for the first time since the ousting of the Taliban to offer job vacancies as women stewardesses. (JIMIN LAI / AFP)

“Kam Air has always tried to have more female employees,” said Suliman Omar, its commercial officer.

“Our criterion is the education and talent of our employees, not gender.”

But with most flights grounded because of the coronavirus, Kam Air has asked 80 percent of its staff to stay home without pay as it suffers the loss of US$6.5 million in revenue every week.

“We’re facing the very serious threat of collapse,” Omar said.

The taxes the airlines pay are a major source of revenue for Afghanistan, a country heavily reliant on falling flows of foreign aid

Ariana posted a loss of US$4.3 million in the first quarter, compared with US$14 million in revenue in the same period last year.

The airlines have joined forces with the Civil Aviation Authority to appeal to the government for help.

Mohammad Hedayat, a press adviser to Second Vice-President Sarwar Danish, who has been heavily involved in the response to the coronavirus, said the presidency had received the request.

“But no decision has yet been made in the cabinet,” Hedayat said.

The taxes the airlines pay are a major source of revenue for a country heavily reliant on falling flows of foreign aid.

And the growth of the domestic air network has provided a lifeline for many Afghans who would otherwise have no choice but arduous and dangerous travel by road.

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“By car you’re dicing with death,” said businessman Shakib Yarzada, 35, who makes four business trips a month by air, referring to militant violence.

Flight attendants can only wait and hope.

“For someone like me with experience only in aviation there’s no other chance of employment,” said Ariana flight attendant Ellaha Nawabi, 25.

“It’s the best job opportunity for women.”

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