A broker is seen working while in the background a display shows the development of the German Stock Market Index DAX at the stock exchange in Frankfurt am Main, western Germany, on Dec 30, 2022. (PHOTO/ AFP)
BERLIN — The world's three largest initial public offerings (IPOs) in 2023 so far came from Germany and China, according to an analysis published by the consulting firm Ernst & Young (EY) on Wednesday.
The proceeds from the stock market debut of German web hosting company IONOS Group SE on Wednesday are expected to be 447 million euros ($480.6 million). This was the largest IPO globally so far this year, according to EY.
Globally, the IPO year 2023 started "quite weak," EY said. In January, 77 IPOs raised a total of $2.55 billion only. In the same period of 2022, 98 IPOs raked in $31.91 billion
With an emission volume of 383 million US dollars, the IPO of China's Cinda Securities Co. Ltd at the beginning of February was the second largest, followed by China's Hubei Jianghan New Materials Co. Ltd. with 352 million US dollars.
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Globally, the IPO year 2023 started "quite weak," EY said. In January, 77 IPOs raised a total of $2.55 billion only. In the same period of 2022, 98 IPOs raked in $31.91 billion.
"In the past year, the IPO pipeline has continued to build," Martin Steinbach, partner and head of IPO and Listing Services at EY, said in a statement. "Some of the IPO candidates that did not make it in 2022 due to the poor market environment are waiting for the right moment."
Following the record year of 2021, the number of IPOs in 2022 worldwide fell by 45 percent to 1,333, and the issue volume even dropped by 61 percent to $180 billion, according to a previous EY study.
The largest IPO last year was the stock market debut of South Korean battery manufacturer LG Energy Solution, raising $10.7 billion. German luxury sports car manufacturer Porsche AG came in second, followed by mobile communications provider China Mobile.
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After the low point in October last year, general conditions have improved. "Volatility has fallen steadily," Steinbach said. At the same time, stock markets developed positively, so "higher valuations also seem to be within reach again."
For 2023, EY is cautiously optimistic and expects a recovery particularly in the second half of the year. "Currently, global IPO activity is predominantly taking place in the Asian region. In Europe and the US, the market will probably need a few more months to regain momentum," Steinbach said.
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