Resolving Hong Kong’s acute housing and land supply problem, improving people’s livelihoods, and making the special administrative region more competitive on the world stage are among the cornerstones of chief executive-elect John Lee Ka-chiu’s blueprint as he sets out to begin a new chapter for the city for the next five years.
Lee aims to create a task force that would submit plans within the first 100 days of his administration to speed up the construction of public rental flats. He proposes allowing those on the long list of public housing applicants to move into new flats in certain projects even before community facilities or transport services are in place, saying this would shorten their waiting time by a year.
As of December, there were about 152,000 general applications for public rental housing on the waiting list, according to the Housing Department. The average waiting time is six years — the longest in nearly a quarter of a century.
Lee has also suggested setting up a steering committee on land and housing supply to coordinate with policy bureaus and departments and supervise the implementation of land development projects. He and his team would explore building more road and rail networks to stimulate development in rural areas.
“We would like to see the new government explore ways to streamline administrative procedures and the construction process to expedite the development cycle,” said Nelson Wong Chi-fai, head of research at global real estate services firm Jones Lang LaSalle in Hong Kong.
For land-starved Hong Kong, land development seems to be the most feasible way to deal with the pressing shortage problem. But the government has made little progress in tackling the issue in the past few years. It is estimated there are more than 1,600 hectares of brownfield sites that are underutilized. Due to the scattered private land ownership and the difficulties in modifying leases, conducting a full review of the matter is critical to boosting land supply.
“The land development process should be streamlined to cover various regulations, such as the Town Planning Ordinance, the Land Resumption Ordinance and the Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance,” suggested Chiu Kam-kuen, Greater China international director and chief executive at real estate consultancy Cushman & Wakefield.
The Land Resumption Ordinance, in particular, should be refined to speed up resettlement and compensation for existing land users. By consolidating and merging the current use of brownfields, the sites can be released and used for other development projects, Chiu said.
Lau Chun-kong, managing director at Colliers Hong Kong, would like to see strong execution powers in dealing with compensation for the resumption of brownfield sites. He suggested the new SAR administration charge land premiums at standard rates for the redevelopment of agricultural lots, evaluate the land premium valuation at market rates, and conduct early processing and approval of land exchange applications to accelerate the land exchange process to boost supply.
During his election campaign, Lee also vowed to push forward the mega Lantau Tomorrow Vision land reclamation project and the Northern Metropolis plan to build a new city center near the border with the Chinese mainland.
“As major developers in Hong Kong still hold 1,000 hectares of agricultural land reserves, the government should proactively incentivize them to participate in the land sharing scheme,” said Chiu.
“The measures to be taken may include using the standard rates in calculating land premium, raising the plot ratio, accelerating infrastructure construction and, most importantly, simplifying the application process so that remote land resources in the New Territories can be effectively released and utilized,” he said.
Wong agrees that the government should be more proactive in promoting an infrastructure-led approach to build up new development areas. “This would offer landowners incentives to consider pushing forward their development plans.”
For the Northern Metropolis project, close liaison with the Shenzhen government and other governments in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area would help in planning and developing the identified industries and trade, said Lau, at Colliers. “The early implementation of infrastructure projects, especially railways, will be critical to creating capacity,” he told China Daily.
Besides boosting land and housing supply, Hong Kong’s chief executive-elect will strive to lift the city’s status as a global financial hub. His nine objectives include building up the global offshore renminbi business, supporting digitalization of the real economy, and promoting green finance in the city. Lee’s manifesto also mentioned plans to forge stronger bonds with the mainland’s financial markets and expand cooperation with the cities in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.
Given Hong Kong’s mature stock market and a very strong and professional force in the city’s legal and accounting system, the government should leverage these advantages to take the city’s financial position to a new level, said Eden Wong Yi-dung, president of CPA Australia’s Greater China Division.
“The government could consider introducing incentives and regulatory reforms to encourage financial institutions to increase their offerings of green and sustainable funding options,” he said.
The SAR could also expand its family offices’ asset management business by strengthening cooperation with other cities in the GBA, thereby buttressing Hong Kong’s reputation as a world financial pivot.
Rex Ho Yun-hang, Asia Pacific financial services tax leader for PwC Hong Kong, notes that implementing these initiatives would reduce and, hopefully, reverse any brain drain by creating more jobs and attracting new talent to Hong Kong. He agrees that the GBA, as a launch pad, can provide Hong Kong with significant opportunities to tap the vast mainland market and help the SAR build a solid foundation to fortify its international financial status.
“We recognize the importance of strengthening the interconnection mechanism between the mainland and Hong Kong financial markets,” said Ho. “Apart from those that have been proposed, we should expand the mechanism to other assets, such as carbon trading and real estate investment trusts.”
At the same time, Hong Kong should stay ahead of the curve in promoting other asset classes such as infrastructure and digital assets, said Ho. He believes Lee’s plans will transform Hong Kong “from a traditional to a modern international financial center” and help the SAR “foster deeper links with the Chinese mainland and our regional neighbors.”
Another of Lee’s pledges is to raise Hong Kong’s overall competitiveness and pursue sustainable development as the city’s economic vitality and competitiveness have been buffeted by COVID-19 and other factors.
Lee’s manifesto lays out six core policies to achieve the goal, including lifting Hong Kong’s international financial position and promoting its core strengths, as well as turning the city into a world technology center.
In Eden Wong’s view, the SAR government should introduce more resources and policies to attract and retain tech-savvy talent, and upgrade the capabilities of the local workforce with relevant technology skills.
PwC’s Ho believes that Hong Kong’s simple tax system and low tax rate are two of the pillars for maintaining the city’s competitiveness. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development’s BEPS (base erosion and profit shifting) 2.0 project unveiled in October last year, which includes a proposal to introduce a global minimum corporate tax of 15 percent from as early as next year, will have a great impact on international tax rules, he said.
In the context of a post-BEPS era, Hong Kong should review its existing tax concessionary regime and consider introducing new rules to bolster its competitive edge. The government should actively engage with stakeholders and multinational enterprises to ensure that any changes made to the tax regime and tax administrative system are practical and viable for the future, Ho added.
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