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Saturday, May 15, 2021, 10:30
Trudeau govt begins work on reopening US-Canada border
By Agencies
Saturday, May 15, 2021, 10:30 By Agencies

In this Nov 20, 2020 photo, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau speaks during a COVID-19 pandemic briefing from Rideau Cottage in Ottawa. (Lars Hagberg / AFP)

RIO DE JANEIRO / LONDON / OTTAWA / RIO DE JANEIRO / PARIS / BUCHAREST / SANTIAGO / QUITO / HAVANA / NAIROBI / RABAT / ADDIS ABABA / WASHINGTON - Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government has begun preliminary internal discussions about reopening the border with the US, even as Canada remains well behind its neighbor in vaccinations.

Senior officials have begun to formally talk about options for how to proceed, three people familiar with the matter said, speaking on the condition they not be identified. One question under consideration is whether to employ a two-track system in which quarantine and testing requirements would be relaxed for vaccinated travelers.

A separate official speaking on condition they not be named disputed there were any new developments or discussions on the border, saying there has been no discernible change in policy.

The world’s longest international border has been shuttered since March 2020 to most non-essential travel, dramatically reducing land and air traffic between the two countries. The restrictions have hit the nation’s tourism and airline sectors particularly hard - one estimate says the measures cost those industries about C$20 billion (US$16.5 billion) in revenue last year.

Any reopening of the border would be gradual and contingent on declining cases in both countries, the officials said.

France

Until now, France's vaccination programme has focussed on people over 50 or with underlying health conditions. But this week it was changed so anyone over 18 can book themselves for a shot - provided they can find a free slot.

That requires hitting refresh on online appointment booking websites, in the hope a free slot comes up, or waiting outside a vaccination centre.

While many of the people previously showing up for vaccinations cited health concerns as their reason for getting inoculated, many of the new, younger cohort, are focused on re-launching their social lives, according to interviews with people at vaccination centres.

"I'm going on holiday and I thought: 'If I can get vaccinated before I go, that will be good'," said Paul De Beon, 25, who was at a vaccination centre in south-west Paris.

At the start of France's vaccination campaign, opinion polls showed many people were reluctant to get the shot, partly because of concerns about rare side effects.

But opening up the vaccines to younger people has unlocked a surge in demand, said Tristan Eybert, who managers the velodrome vaccine centre.

United States

Data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) showed that there are significant racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 vaccination in the country.

Vaccination rates among Black, Hispanic and Asian people are lower than those for the number of White people, and "these groups represent a smaller share of people fully vaccinated against COVID-19 than their share of the US population overall," CNN reported on Thursday.

Black people, accounting for 12.4 percent of the US population, represent 8.5 percent of those fully vaccinated, and Hispanic people, making up 17 percent of the country's total population, make up 11 percent of those fully vaccinated.

The gap among Asian people is smaller, making up 5.3 percent of those fully vaccinated against 5.8 percent of the population, according to the CDC data.

White people account for 61.2 percent of the US population but 65.8 percent of those fully vaccinated against COVID-19, the data showed. 

Global tally

Coronavirus cases worldwide surpassed 161.94 million while the global death toll topped 3.35 million, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University.

Germany

Germany returned the UK to its list of COVID-19 risk areas, widening the impact of Britain’s rise in cases linked to the so-called India variant.

The change, effective Sunday, is due to the “at least limited occurrence” of the B.1.617.2 variant first detected in India, Germany’s public health authorityu Robert Koch Institute said in a statement on Friday.

Germany reversed its stance four weeks after taking the UK off the risk-area list as the variant threatens the government’s plan to end the pandemic lockdown. The RKI said the UK was added because of the virus variant, rather than its relatively low number of cases relative to the country’s population.

The shift means travelers from the UK must register online before entering Germany and present a negative coronavirus test to avoid an extended quarantine.

Pfizer Inc

The chief executive of Pfizer Inc said on Friday he had "very good reason" to believe in the success of an oral COVID-19 antiviral therapy by the drugmaker now in an early-stage US trial.

Albert Bourla said last month he was hopeful that a COVID-19 antiviral drug would be available by the end of the year. Pfizer has said the antiviral candidate showed potent activity against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in lab studies.

"Right now we have very good reason to believe that we can be successful," Bourla told an economic forum in Athens via video conference, adding the first results on its efficacy would be available after the summer.

Colombia

Confirmed deaths from COVID-19 in Colombia passed 80,000 on Friday with intensive care units almost full in the biggest cities, where large crowds have been gathering for weeks of anti-government protests.

Authorities warned this week that the demonstrations - initially called in opposition to a now-canceled tax reform but which have expanded to tackle inequality and police brutality - were set to prolong an already-devastating third wave of the epidemic. read more

Bogota's mayor echoed that warning, saying the capital had on Thursday reported its second-highest number of new COVID-19 cases and highest number of deaths since the pandemic began.

The pressure on ICUs in the capital "is worrying," the government said late on Thursday, adding patients would be transferred by air to other cities.

ICU occupancy for COVID-19 patients in Bogota stands at 94 percent, according to local authorities. In Medellin and Cali, the rates are at 99 percent and 95 percent, respectively.

Health experts say they respect people's right to protest, but warn large groups cannot continue to gather.

ALSO READ: Germany rejects EU executive call to ease virus border curbs

Brazil

Brazil on Friday reported 2,211 more deaths from COVID-19, raising the national count to 432,628, the Ministry of Health said.

According to the ministry, Brazil now has a death rate of 205.9 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants.

Meanwhile, 85,536 more infections were detected, raising the nationwide tally to 15,519,525.

ALSO READ: Virus is deadlier in Brazil than India and no one knows why

A man receives his second dose of the Pfizer coronavirus vaccine at a vaccine center in the Swaminarayan School in Neasden, north London on May 1, 2021. (MATT DUNHAM / AP)

Britain

Prime Minister Boris Johnson said on Friday Britain would accelerate its COVID-19 vaccination programme, to try to contain a fast-spreading variant first identified in India that could knock a re-opening of the economy off track.

The United Kingdom has delivered one of the world's fastest inoculation campaigns, giving a first shot to almost 70 percent of the adult population and a second to 36 percent, helping to reduce infection rates and deaths.

But the emergence of the B.1.617.2 variant in parts of northern England and London has prompted some scientists to call for the reopening to be delayed, and a rethink on the speed of the vaccine rollout.

Johnson said the government would accelerate remaining second doses to the over 50s and those clinically vulnerable to just eight weeks after the first dose, and would prioritise first doses for those eligible who had not yet come forward.

Even so, the spread of the variant could disrupt Britain's progress out of lockdown, making it more difficult to move to the final stage of a staggered reopening of the economy in June, he said.

Meanwhile, another 2,193 people in Britain have tested positive for COVID-19, bringing the total number of coronavirus cases in the country to 4,446,824, according to official figures released Friday.

The country also reported another 17 coronavirus-related deaths. The total number of coronavirus-related deaths in Britain now stands at 127,668. These figures only include the deaths of people who died within 28 days of their first positive test.

Romania

Romanian Prime Minister Florin Citu said the government made a decision on Friday to gradually ease the country's coronavirus-related restrictions starting from Saturday.

As of Saturday, the night curfew will be lifted, and the mandatory mask rules will only be applied in closed public spaces and crowded open public spaces, including markets, public transport stations and workplace.

Meanwhile, restrictions on store opening hours will also be lifted, and the closing time of restaurants, bars and cafes will be extended from the current 9 pm to 12 am local time, said Citu.

He stressed that participants in outdoors activities must wear masks, have been fully vaccinated for over 10 days and have a negative RT-PCR or antigen test finished within specified time.

The pandemic situation has improved recently in Romania. The authorities attributed it to stricter control measures and intensified vaccination.

Chile

Health Minister Enrique Paris on Friday called on Chileans to maintain COVID-19 protective measures to prevent the spread of infections during this weekend's elections.

In a statement from the Ministry of Health, he said, "(We must) always maintain self-care measures, use a mask, wash hands with soap and water, use hand sanitizer, keep physical distance and, of course, carry your own blue pencil, since these are the most effective measures to avoid new infections."

Paris also reported that in the last 24 hours, 6,903 new COVID-19 infections and 127 more deaths were registered, for a total of 1,273,516 cases and 27,647 deaths.

Ecuador

Ecuador reported on Friday 1,219 new COVID-19 infections and 64 more deaths in the past 24 hours, bringing the caseload to 407,002 and death toll to 14,257, the Ministry of Public Health said.

Another 5,257 deaths are considered to be COVID-19 related, but not verified, according to the ministry.

Cuba

Cuba registered the highest number of daily COVID-19 cases since March 2020, recording 1,277 infections in the last 24 hours, for a tally of 121,838 cases, the Ministry of Public Health said on Friday, reporting seven deaths as well, to total 785.

Havana continues to be the epicenter of the outbreak in the country, with 657 new daily cases reported in its 15 municipalities and accounts for more than half of all cases on the island.

Kenya

Kenya will start administering the second dose of the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine in the first week of June, the Ministry of Health said in a statement on Friday.

This followed the country's revision of the duration between the first and the second does from eight weeks to 12 weeks in line with the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation late in April.

The ministry has revised the interval period for the administration of the AstraZeneca vaccine to 12 weeks. This means the country would begin administering the second dose of the vaccine in June," said the ministry amid a shortage of the jabs in Kenya following the crisis in India.

The ministry assured the public that efforts to acquire the COVID-19 vaccines are underway to ensure as many as eligible people are fully immunized in the shortest time possible, and that the entire adult population will be vaccinated by June 2022.

Morocco

Morocco's COVID-19 tally rose to 514,705 on Friday as 35 new cases were registered during the past 24 hours.

According to a statement by the Ministry of Health, the death toll rose to 9,092 with one new fatality during the last 24 hours, while 207 people are in intensive care units.

Ethiopia

Ethiopia registered 453 new COVID-19 cases in the past 24 hours, taking the nationwide tally to 265,413 as of Friday evening, according to the country's Ministry of Health.

The ministry said 13 new deaths were reported, bringing the death toll to 3,964.

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