The logo of the US Senate is seen in an elevator at the US Capitol in Washington, DC, Nov 5, 2014. The US Senate on March 14, 2019 rebuked President Donald Trump for the second time in as many days, with 12 Republicans joining Democrats to end Trump's emergency declaration at the southern border, and the president vowing a veto. (SAUL LOEB / AFP)
WASHINGTON - The US Senate on Thursday rebuked President Donald Trump for the second time in as many days, with 12 Republicans joining Democrats to end Trump's emergency declaration at the southern border, and the president vowing a veto.
The 59-41 vote on Thursday was a bipartisan repudiation of Trump's decision to take money designated for various programs and redirect it to building the wall along the US-Mexico border
The 59-41 vote on Thursday was a bipartisan repudiation of Trump's decision to take money designated for various programs and redirect it to building the wall along the US-Mexico border that he promised during his 2016 presidential campaign.
During the first two years of his term, the Republican-led Congress mostly accommodated Trump on a range of issues. While he has not yet used his veto pen, Trump promised that would change.
"VETO!" he tweeted shortly after the vote.
The vote on Thursday marked back-to-back defeats for Trump in the Senate. On Wednesday senators had approved a resolution seeking to end US support for the Saudi Arabia-led coalition in the war in Yemen, rejecting the Republican president's policy toward the kingdom.
Trump has made clamping down on immigration a cornerstone of his presidency and it promises to be central to his 2020 re-election campaign.
His drive for billions of dollars to build a US-Mexico border wall - one that he had initially promised Mexico would pay for - has placed a wedge between him and Congress, including many Republicans who are uncomfortable even talking about a "wall." Many in Congress say effective border security requires a range of law enforcement tools.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell had urged his fellow Republicans to defeat the resolution rejecting the emergency declaration, which was passed in February by Democratic-controlled US House of Representatives.
Republicans who defected by supporting the measure to end the emergency declaration are worried that presidents - including future Democratic ones - could usurp the power of Congress to fund the government and use the tactic to pass their own pet programs.
McConnell, however, said Trump was "operating within existing law" and that if senators did not like the powers provided to the president under the National Emergencies Act, "then they should amend it."
Courts like to decide
The measure is unlikely to become law as there are enough Republicans in the House and Senate to sustain a Trump veto. The issue could ultimately be decided by the courts.
At stake are billions of dollars in funding for barriers along the US-Mexico border that Trump is demanding but Congress has refused to fully provide. The stalemate led to a 35-day partial government shutdown that ended in January.
Under the emergency declaration he signed on Feb 15, Trump would take money from other federal programs to build the barrier, which he says is needed to curb illegal immigration and drug trafficking. Trump initially said Mexico would pay for the wall.
Even with a veto threat looming, senators and legal experts said Congress was sending an important message that could be cited by judges in several lawsuits challenging Trump's emergency declaration.
"It's an important legal statement," said Senator Angus King, one of two Senate independents. "It tells the court this is explicitly not approved by Congress. By voting this resolution Congress is reiterating we don't approve of this expenditure."
Peter Shane, a law professor at the Moritz College of Law at Ohio State University, agreed.
"Congress's vote, even if vetoed, would solidify any court's understanding that the so-called emergency is really part of an end-run around a legislative branch that is unconvinced an emergency exists, that refused to fund the wall, and that is constitutionally in charge of federal spending," he said.
Democrats deny there is an emergency at the border, saying border crossings are at a four-decade low.
"Democrats and Republicans both know the sad truth: the president did not declare an emergency because there is one," Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer said on the Senate floor. "He declared an emergency because he lost in Congress and wants to get around it."
King expressed frustration that the Department of Defense has so far refused to provide Congress with the projects it would have to suspend under Trump's emergency declaration in order to fund the wall.
"We have a reasonable expectation of knowing what the universe of potential projects cuts are before we take this vote," King said in a telephone interview with Reuters shortly before the vote, adding that Trump is attempting to "undo" US$3.6 billion worth of defense projects already approved by Congress.
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