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Thursday, July 18, 2019, 14:52
Japan 'may take ROK wartime labor dispute to world court'
By Reuters
Thursday, July 18, 2019, 14:52 By Reuters

Japanese politician of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Yasutoshi Nishimura (front right), a party aide to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe who made the donation on his behalf, speaks to the media at the controversial Yasukuni shrine in Tokyo on Aug 15, 2016. Japan is considering taking a dispute with the Republic of Korea over its compensation for wartime forced labourers to the International Court of Justice as the deadline for seeking third-country arbitration passes on July 18, 2019, public broadcaster NHK reported. (KAZUHIRO NOGI / AFP)

TOKYO - Japan is considering taking a dispute with the Republic of Korea (ROK) over its compensation for wartime forced labourers to the International Court of Justice as the deadline for seeking third-country arbitration passes on Thursday, public broadcaster NHK reported. 

Nishimura told a regular briefing that Tokyo had not received any word on Seoul's decision. He added the government would continue to "strongly urge" its neighbour to accept the arbitration procedure

The question of compensation for ROK for labour during Japan's 1910-45 occupation of the Korean peninsula has soured the US allies' relations, which took a turn for the worse this month when Japan restricted exports of high-tech material to ROK. 

ALSO READ: ROK urges withdrawing export curbs as Japan voters back them

ROK's Supreme Court last year ordered two Japanese companies to compensate the wartime workers in a ruling that Tokyo said violated international law. Japan believes the issue of compensation was settled under a 1965 treaty. 

With no mutually palatable agreement, Tokyo has pushed for third-party arbitration, which Seoul has rejected. Midnight (1500 GMT Thursday) is the deadline for making those arrangements, Japanese deputy chief cabinet secretary Yasutoshi Nishimura said. 

Nishimura told a regular briefing that Tokyo had not received any word on Seoul's decision. He added the government would continue to "strongly urge" its neighbour to accept the arbitration procedure

NHK said that once the deadline passes, Japan would continue to push Seoul for proposals to end the dispute while preparing for countermeasures - including considering going to the International Court of Justice. 

The case cannot go to trial, however, without agreement from ROK, Kyodo news agency reported. 

Officials at Japan's foreign ministry were not immediately available to comment. 

Japan initially cited the dispute over compensation for the wartime labourers as being behind what it sees as broken trust with ROK when it announced tighter export controls this month. Tokyo has stressed that the controls were not retaliation over the forced-labour dispute. 

In a separate report, Kyodo news cited Japanese government sources as saying Tokyo would reject Seoul's request to hold another working-level meeting to discuss the export controls. 

The most recent one, held last week in Tokyo, stoked tensions further as the two sides publicly contested the accounts of their frosty meeting. 

ROK has appealed to ally United States to defuse the tension with Japan, warning of threats to global supplies memory chips and smartphones. 

READ MORE: Moon: Koreans have right to sue over colonial forced labor

A senior ROK government official said on Wednesday the export curbs could hurt global technology companies including the operations of Samsung in the Texas state capital of Austin. 

During a visit to Seoul on Wednesday, David Stilwell, the top US diplomat for East Asia policy, said the United States would "do what it can do" to help, but did not elaborate on what those steps might be and said it was fundamentally up to ROK and Japan to resolve their differences.

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