Chinese newly wedded couple Yan Wu and Chang Liu from Shanghai poses in the Volksgarten (People's Garden) in the city centre of Vienna, Austria, on April 12, 2018. China's marriage rate has been declining for five years in a row as the younger generation delays or has given up on marriage. (JOE KLAMAR / AFP)
BEIJING - China's marriage rate has been declining for five years in a row as the younger generation delays or has given up on marriage.
The attitude toward marriage and giving birth is changing among those born in the 1980s or 1990s, with more choosing to marry late or not to marry
Professor of Sociology, Peking University
The marriage rate dropped from 9.9 per 1,000 people in 2013 to a five-year low of 7.2 per 1,000 people in 2018, according to the National Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Civil Affairs.
The figures vary in different regions. The more developed regions have lower rates of marriage.
Tying the knot is no longer a "necessity" for today's young adults, with many preferring a single life.
"I'd prefer a high-quality single life to a low-quality marriage" is a common refrain.
The increasing costs of living and child education constitute another factor for the downward trend in the marriage rate, according to experts.
The decrease is also closely related to the changing demographic structure, said Shi Zhilei, associate professor with the School of Public Administration of the Zhongnan University of Economics and Law.
People between the ages of 20 and 24 had the highest record of marriage registrations before 2012, while people between the ages of 25 and 29 became the mainstay in 2017, accounting for 36.9 percent of all registered couples, according to MCA statistics.
"The attitude toward marriage and giving birth is changing among those born in the 1980s or 1990s, with more [people] choosing to marry late or not to marry," Lu Jiehua, professor of sociology at Peking University, said. "In an increasingly tolerant society, marriage is not the only option."
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