A woman holds up a sign with a portrait of Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales, that reads in Spanish "national shame," during a rally in support of the United Nations International Commission Against Impunity, CICIG, in Guatemala City, Jan 8, 2019. (MOISES CASTILLO / AP)
GUATEMALA CITY — Guatemala's highest court issued a ruling Wednesday blocking President Jimmy Morales' decision to unilaterally end a UN anti-corruption commission.
President Jimmy Morales has argued the UN anti-corruption commission had violated Guatemala's sovereignty and violated the rights of suspects
The commission, known by its Spanish initials as CICIG, has angered Morales by investigating him, his sons and his brother on accusations of corruption, which they deny.
Guatemala's Constitutional Court overruled Morales' decision after all-night deliberations on five appeals against the president's cancellation of the agreement with the United Nations.
Morales has argued the commission had violated Guatemala's sovereignty and violated the rights of suspects.
Given the government's refusal to guarantee the commission's security, the UN has withdrawn the comission's members.
UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said the United Nations would not comment on the court's ruling, calling it an "internal legal issue." And he said managing the commission, including the return of its personnel, is up to its chief, Ivan Velasquez.
Matias Ponce, spokesman of the United Nations International Commission Against Impunity, CICIG, walks in the La Aurora International Airport in Guatemala City, Jan 8, 2019. (MOISES CASTILLO / AP)
Dujarric said Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has made clear that the UN expects Guatemala's government to respect its commitment for the commission to continue working until September 2019, and that includes "ensuring the safety and security of all staffers." The court has tussled with Morales before over the commission, though he has sometimes tried to ignore its rulings. The court has said the commission's mandate is valid through 2019.
Guatemala's human rights prosecutor, Jordan Rodas, said Morales' administration has to obey the new ruling.
"The government is under obligation to comply," said Rodas, who presented one of the appeals to the court. "If it doesn't obey, that is a whole other matter, and would constitute a coup, because the cornerstone of the rule of law is respect for the judicial branch." During its 11 years operating in Guatemala, CICIG has pressed corruption cases that have implicated some 680 people, including top elected officials, businesspeople and bureaucrats. The commission said in November that it has won 310 convictions and broken up 60 criminal networks.
A woman chants slogans against the United Nations International Commission Against Impunity, CICIG, during a rally in Guatemala City, Jan 8, 2019. (MOISES CASTILLO / AP)
The commission participated in investigations that forced former Vice President Roxana Baldetti and President Otto Perez Molina to step down from office in 2015 to face fraud and corruption charges.
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