In this Nov 10, 2018 photo, China's permanent representative to the UN Ma Zhaoxu (first row, left) addresses a United Nations Security Council meeting at the headquarters of the United Nation in New York. (PHOTO / XINHUA)
UNITED NATIONS — A Chinese envoy on Monday told the United Nations Security Council that the Yemeni parties must earnestly implement the Stockholm Agreement that offers the best hope in years of moving toward an end to the country's war.
Parties concerned should "continue pushing for the implementation of the Stockholm Agreement... The Yemeni parties must implement the agreement in earnest," Ma Zhaoxu, China's permanent representative to the UN, said at the Security Council meeting on the situation in the Middle East.
Ma noted that "the security situation is fragile with limited progress in the implementation of the agreement."
Noting that ceasefire is holding "on the whole" in the Red Sea port city of Hodeidah and its surrounding areas, Ma noted that "the security situation is fragile with limited progress in the implementation of the agreement."
"The security landscape gives us no cause for optimism. The situation is dire on the humanitarian front, and the country is confronted with multiple economic and social challenges," said the Chinese envoy.
However, Ma noted that "the desire remains among the Yemeni parties to promote the implementation of the agreement in search for a political solution."
The Chinese ambassador said that the international community should "encourage the Yemeni parties to keep up effective political dialogue and negotiation," noting that various parties in Yemen are "sharply divided."
"The basis for mutual trust is far from robust. There is a long road ahead towards a political settlement," he said.
"The Security Council should remain united, fully consider and respect the views of the countries concerned, and other countries in the region," the Chinese envoy added.
Ma called on the international community to continue to provide political support for the dialogue and negotiation between the Yemeni parties and urged regional countries to keep up their constructive assistance to this end.
Speaking of the humanitarian situation in the country, the Chinese envoy said that "the international community should increase humanitarian assistance to Yemen... and provide targeted support, both financial and in kind, including food and medicines, to help the country respond to famine, the cholera outbreak, displacement and other challenges."
"The humanitarian needs of women, children and the vulnerable groups should feature prominently on the agenda and support be provided to Yemen in improving its economy to meet the basic needs of his people," he added.
Talking about the final way out for the issue of Yemen, the ambassador said that "there is no alternative to a political solution. The parties concerned should uphold Yemeni sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity, and support a broadly inclusive political solution to be achieved through dialogue and negotiation."
According to the deal reached in Stockholm in December 2018, the Yemeni government and Houthi rebels should withdraw troops from the city of Hodeidah and ports of Hodeidah, Salif and Ras Issa.
Yemen has been mired in a civil war since late 2014 when the Houthi rebels overtook the capital Sana'a and ousted the internationally-backed government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi. A Saudi-led coalition has been fighting the Houthis since 2015.
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