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Thursday, June 27, 2019, 10:17
Iran: US withdrawal renders nuke deal 'almost ineffective'
By Xinhua
Thursday, June 27, 2019, 10:17 By Xinhua

Iranian then deputy Foreign Minister for European and American Affairs Majid Takht-Ravanchi listens during a meeting with journalists on the nuclear deal on Aug 9, 2015 in Tehran. (FARZANEH KHADEMIAN / AFP)

UNITED NATIONS — An Iranian envoy said Wednesday that the United States' withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal and re-imposition of sanctions rendered the deal almost fully ineffective. 

"The US withdrawal from the JCPOA (commonly known as the Iran nuclear deal) and re-imposition of its sanctions rendered the JCPOA almost fully ineffective, with respect to Iran's benefits, which is of course a clear violation of the US commitments under the JCPOA and a breach of its obligations under Resolution 2231," Iran's ambassador to the United Nations Majid Takht Ravanchi told the UN Security Council's semi-annual briefing on the implementation of Resolution 2231. 

The ambassador complained that Iran's good will and maximum restraint as well as repeated promises of other participants for taking practical solutions "yielded no concrete result."

"The US also brazenly continues threatening other states to 'either violate Resolution 2231 or face punishment.' This irresponsible conduct by a Council's permanent member, unprecedented in the history of this body, is a frontal assault on Resolution 2231, violates the UN Charter and international law and further erodes the trust and confidence in the Council," said the ambassador. 

"As a result, the US itself is not fulfilling its obligations under Resolution 2231, is not allowing Iran to implement certain parts of the JCPOA and is preventing other states from implementing their obligations under the resolution," he noted. 

"Nevertheless, in the span of one year after the US withdrawal, the only reaction of Iran was to give more opportunity, weeks after weeks and months after months, to remaining JCPOA participants, mainly the E3 (Britain, France and Germany), upon their request, to compensate for the consequences of the US withdrawal," the envoy said. 

READ MORE: Iran says it will break uranium stockpile limit in 10 days

The ambassador complained that Iran's good will and maximum restraint as well as repeated promises of other participants for taking practical solutions "yielded no concrete result." 

In exercising its strategic patience policy in order to preserve the JCPOA, Iran however has paid "a heavy price" as a result of the US economic war and its so-called "maximum pressure policy," including the US attempts to cut Iran's oil exports to zero and disrupting free trade with Iran, he said. 

"A multilateral agreement cannot be implemented unilaterally. Iran has done a lot and much more than its fair share to preserve the nuclear deal. Iran alone cannot, shall not and will not take all of the burdens anymore to preserve the JCPOA," he continued. 

Therefore, in order to protect the security and national interests of the people of Iran and to bring a balance to the JCPOA, on May 8, Iran decided to limit, in phase one of its plan, the implementation of its commitments in two cases, namely the level of reserves of "enriched uranium" and "heavy water" as identified in the JCPOA, said Ravanchi. 

ALSO READ: Iran renews ultimatum over nuke deal amid tensions with US

The Security Council held its semi-annual briefing on the implementation of Resolution 2231 on Wednesday. Undersecretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs Rosemary DiCarlo presented the latest secretary-general's report on the implementation of Resolution 2231. The Council's facilitator for the implementation of Resolution 2231, Belgian UN ambassador Marc Pecsteen de Buytswerve, reported on the work of the Council related to Resolution 2231. 

The meeting centered on issues related to the implementation of Resolution 2231. For the majority of Council members who are supportive of the JCPOA, recent announcements by Iran that it would resume uranium enrichment activities present one of the main concerns in the context of the implementation of Resolution 2231. 

On May 8, Iran issued a 60-day ultimatum to the remaining parties to the JCPOA (China, France, Germany, Russia, Britain, and the EU) to provide Iran with sanctions relief on its oil and financial sectors, failing which it would resume uranium enrichment activities and construction of the Arak nuclear reactor, which would constitute a direct violation of the JCPOA. 

This was Iran's response to the US decision to end waivers granting eight countries permission to procure Iran's oil exports, despite previously imposed US sanctions. 

EU wants deal preserved

The current and future European Union (EU) members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on Wednesday expressed a unified position on the Iran nuclear deal that in the current context, "it is more important than ever" to preserve the deal and Resolution 2231.

"The JCPOA is widely regarded as fundamental to regional and international peace and security, a major achievement in nuclear non-proliferation and of diplomacy. Fulfillment of all nuclear-related commitments under the NPT (Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons) as well as the JCPOA remains fundamental to guarantee the peaceful nature of Iranian nuclear program," according to a statement read out to reporters by Polish UN ambassador Joanna Wronecka.

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